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THE LEGAL NATURE OF THE CONTRACT OF LEASING
Sharapov Iskandjar Islamovich, competitor. Place of study: Civil law and process chair, Ulyanovsk state university. Position: federal judge. Place of employment: Federal court of the general jurisdiction of Karsunsky area of the Ulyanovsk region. E-mail: sharapov-69@mail.ru
Annotation: The presented publication is devoted to the analysis of legal nature of the contract of financial rent (leasing). In work it is led existing approaches to concept of the contract of leasing. According to sights of some authors the leasing contract - is a separate kind of the contract of rent with the certain qualifying signs, allowing both to distinguish it from other kinds of the contract of rent and to allocate it in a separate kind of the contract of rent. Other authors believe that unlike the contract of rent the leasing contract represents not bilateral, but three- or multilateral transaction. Some scientists specify the following
point of view: the leasing contract - is the independent type of treaty obligations which are distinct from other types of civil-law contracts, including from the rent contract.
The author notices that the leasing contract - is the independent special kind of treaty obligations different from the contract of rent, purchase and sale, the commission, crediting, etc. Leasing should be defined as the multilateral transaction, tripartite special type of contract in which the seller, the leasing producer and the leasing recipient, which have their rights and duties. Leasing is the independent legal institute, but not a version of already existing institute of rent; consideration of two contracts - purchase and sale and directly leasing as uniform tripartite transaction. Definition of the contract of leasing as an independent special kind of treaty obligations and recognition of financial rent (leasing) as the tripartite transaction will realize the rights of all participants of the transaction and appropriate execution of the duties by them.
Keywords: the leasing Contract; legal institute; the rent contract; the purchase and sale contract; the hiring contract; financial rent (leasing); the tripartite transaction; execution of treaty obligations
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