Organizational and Economic Aspects of Innovative Activity
Principles of Systemic and Synergetic Approach to Research and Manufacturing Complexes Development Management
A. Yu. Budarov
National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow
In this continuation of article Theoretic Concepts of Systemic and Synergetic Approach to Research and Manufacturing Complexes Development Management published in previous issue, the principles of systemic and synergetic approach to research and manufacturing complexes development management are stated, allowing to build a basis for creation, modernization, systematization and unification of multiple management tools and techniques in the frames of developed methodological concept. Based on these principles it is possible to form such complex structural elements as a set of research and manufacturing complexes development management mechanisms providing the solution for problems of theoretical and methodological kind. Special focus at principles development was on peculiarities of complex economic and social systems (capacity to selforganization, presence of different types of synergy and other).
Keywords: complex economic and social systems development management; synergetic approach in economic systems; business structures self-organization.
1. Budarov A. Yu. Teoreticheskie polozheniya sistemno-sinergeticheskogo podkhoda k upravleniyu raz-vitiem nauchno-proizvodstvennykh kompleksov (Theoretic Concepts of Systemic and Synergetic Approach to Research and Manufacturing Complexes Development Management), Ekonomicheskie i sotsialno-gumanitarnye issledovaniya, 2014, No. 34, pp. 914.
2. Kondratev N. D. Bolshie tsikly konyunktury i teoriya predvideniya: Izbrannye trudy (Great Surges of Business Climate and Anticipation Theory), Mezhdunar. fond N. D. Kondrateva i dr., redkoll.: L. I. Abalkin (pred.) i dr., sost. Yu. V. Yakovets, M., Ekonomika, 2002, 767 p., il.
3. Khaken G. Informatsiya i samoorganizatsiya: makroskopicheskii podkhod k slozhnym sistemam (Information and Self-Organization: A Macroscopic Approach to Complex Systems), Per. s angl. Yu. A. Danilova, A. V. Berkova, predisl. Yu. L. Klimontovicha, Izd. 2-e, dop., M., URSS, KomKniga, 2005, 245 p., il., Sinergetika: ot proshlogo k budushchemu.
4. Kapitsa S. P., Kurdyumov S. P., Malinetskii G. G. Sinergetika i prognozy budushchego (Synergetics and Predictions of Future), M., Editorial URSS, 2003, 288 p., Sinergetika: ot proshlogo k budushchemu.
5. Malinetskii G. G. Matematicheskie osnovy sinergetiki: khaos, struktury, vychislitelnyi eksperiment (Synergetics Mathematical Basis: Chaos, Structures, and Computational Experiment), 4-e izd., sushchestv. pererab. i dop., M., URSS, KomKniga, 2005, 308 p., il., Sinergetika: ot proshlogo k budushchemu.
6. Nikolis G., Prigozhin I. Poznanie slozhnogo: Vvedenie (Exploring Complexity: An Introduction), Per. s angl. V. F. Pastushenko, Izd. 2-e, ster., M., URSS, 2003, 344 p., Sinergetika: ot proshlogo k budushchemu.
7. Filosofskii entsiklopedicheskii slovar (Philosophical Encyclopedic Dictionary), Gl. red. L. F. Ilichev [i dr.], M., Sov. entsiklopediya, 1983, 839 p.
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Matroids in Mathematical Modeling of Economic Systems A. N. Isachenko1, A. M. Revyakin2
1 Belarusian State University
2 National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow
Matroids are widely applied in discrete mathematics and computer science and can be successfully used in economic systems modeling. The authors present information from matroid theory and examples of economic and mathematical models in the form of matroids. Descriptions of algorithms used to find a solution for
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problems (assignment, time-table, travelling salesman ones and other, with or without matroid structure) are given and the information about their accuracy is provided. The algorithms are considered for independence systems, matroids, and intersection of two matroids.
Keywords: mathematical model; economic system; matroid; greedy algorithm; intersection of matroids.
1. Oxley J. G. Matroid Theory. 2nd ed. Oxford; New York, Oxford Univ. Press, 2011, VIII, 684 p., il., Oxford graduate texts in mathematics; 21.
2. Algoritmy: postroenie i analiz = Introduction to Algorithms, T. Kh. Kormen, Ch. I. Leizerson, R. L. Rivest, K. Shtain, M. [i dr.], Vilyams, 2013, 1323 p., il.
3. Hausmann D., Korte B. Lower Bounds on the Worst-case Complexity of Some Oracle Algorithms, Discrete Mathematics, 1978, Vol. 24, Issue 3, pp. 261276.
4. Papadimitriu Kh., Staiglits K. Kombinatornaya optimizatsiya. Algoritmy i slozhnost = Combinatorial Optimization, Per. s angl. i predisl. V. B. Alekseeva, M., Mir, 1985, 510 p., il.
On Innovation Activity Organization and Innovations Commercialization in Finland
L. I. Lukicheva
National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow
The principal directions of Finlands largest and most successful companies innovative activity are considered, their experience in creating and developing start-ups and commercializing the results of intellectual activity is analyzed. The examples of production facilities co-operation with universities research and development branches and also of small innovation firms organization initiated by students are given. The focus is on trainings and seminars delivered by Finnish companies in Russia.
Keywords: innovative activity; commercialization; innovations; start-ups creation.
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5. Leskela, Markku, and Tamminen, T. Atoms as building blocks. Helsingin Yliopisto. University of Helsinki, 2013. Web. 27 Mar. 2015. <http://www.helsinki.fi/research/researchers/centres_of_excel-lence/2012-2017/markku_leskela.html>.
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Financial and Economic Activitys Corporate Management
Economic Entities Anti-Recessionary Stability Ratings Formulization and Use
O. F. Bystrov1, K. N. Bugay2
1 National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow
2 Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT)
An effective procedure of economic entities anti-recessionary stabilitys comparative analysis is proposed. Anti-recessionary stability implementation and valuation are considered through the example of eight enterprises. Such indexes as cash ratio, quick ratio, bank-liquidity ratio, total debt to equity, working capital to current assets ratio, and reserves-to-production ratio are used. This procedure also allows creating the firms anti-recessionary stability rating based on the highest result.
Keywords: anti-crisis management; anti-recessionary stability; bankruptcy risk; anti-recessionary stability rating.
1. Antikrizisnoe upravlenie finansami predpriyatiya (Corporate Finances Anti-Crisis Management), K. V. Baldin, O. F. Bystrov, V. S. Zverev, N. P. Gaponenko, M., Mosk. psikhologo-sots. in-t, Voronezh, MODEK, 2009, 336 p.
2. Altman E. I. Bankruptcy, Credit Risk, and High Yield Junk Bonds, Hoboken, NJ, Wiley-Blackwell, 2002, 576 p.
Modeling Trust Relationships of the Insurer to the External Environment
K. F. Kovalchuk1, V. A. Nikitenko1, A. M. Revyakin2
1 National Metallurgical Academy of Ukraine, Dnipropetrovsk City
2 National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow
The specifics of a trust relationship between the insurance company and the external environment are considered. The level of insurance specialists trust to political, economic, social and technological macroenvironment of the insurance company is investigated. To assess trust in a hierarchical fuzzy inference system, confidence intervals were generated based on the Edelman Barometer study. The results of modeling studies are given.
Keywords: trust relationship; insurer; fuzzy inference; external environment.
1. Wang Pei-Zhuang. Fuzzy Sets: Theory and Applications, Guang Zhou University, Shanghai, Shanghai Science and Technology Publishing Co., 1983, 188 p.
2. Shtovba S. D. Obespechenie tochnosti i prozrachnosti nechetkoi modeli Mamdani pri obuchenii po eksperimentalnym dannym (Assurance of Mamdani Fuzzy Models Accuracy and Transparency while Learning by Observational Data), Problemy upravleniya i informatiki, 2007, No. 4, pp. 102114.
3. Cacuci D. G. Sensitivity and Uncertainty Analysis, Vol. 1: Theory, Boca Raton, London, New York, Chapman & Hall/CRC, 2003, 285 p.
4. Melnik Ya. Reiting nadezhnosti strakhovykh kompanii (Insurance Companies Credit Rating), Reitin-govoe agentstvo Kredit-Reiting [Elektronnyi resurs], URL: http://www.credit-rating.ua/ru/about-rating/ purpose/12448/ (data obrashcheniya: 15.02.2014), Nazv. s ekrana.
5. Reiting strakhovykh kompanii Ukrainy (Ukraines Insurance Companies Rating), Forinshurer, zhurnal pro strakhovanie iperestrakhovanie [Elektronnyi resurs], URL: http://forinsurer.com/ratings/nonlife/ (data obrashcheniya: 27.02.2015), Nazv. s ekrana.
6. Strakhovoi reiting Insurance TOP: Reiting strakhovykh kompanii Ukrainy (The Insurance TOP Insurance Rating: Ukraines Insurance Companies Rating) [Elektronnyi resurs], UNII Prava i ekonomi-cheskikh issledovanii, Cop. 20032013, URL: http://insurancetop.com/ (data obrashcheniya: 15.02.2014). Nazv. s ekrana.
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7. Edelman Trust Barometer Archive, Edelman: Worlds largest public relations firm [Web source], URL: http://www.edelman.com/insights/intellectual-property/edelman-trust-barometer-archive/ (accessed: 10.05.2014), Title from the screen.
Factors and Stages of the Companys Investment Policy N. I. Lazarenko, S. V. Golovanov
National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow
The concept of investment, the investment policy of the company is discussed, as well as the rules and factors that must be considered when designing the investment policy. The views of foreign and Russian economists, investment activities theorists and practical persons, are analyzed. The principles of the enterprises investment policy are emphasized. The investment policy of the company is presented as the complex interdependent and interrelated set of its activities facing long-term development, profit and other beneficial effects as a result of investments.
Keywords: investments; enterprises investment policy; investment activity factors and stages.
1. Zhivolup D. I., Fedotova G. V., Kharlamova E. E. Investitsionnaya politika kak osnovnaya kategoriya formirovaniya investitsionnoi deyatelnosti promyshlennogo predpriyatiya (Investments Policy as General Division of Manufacturing Corporations Investment Activity Formation), Vestnik magistratury, 2014, No. 6 (33), T. 3, pp. 4244.
2. Teplova T. V. Investitsii (Investments), M., Yurait, 2011, 724 p., il.
3. Malshchukova O. M. Problemy razrabotki investitsionnoi politiki predpriyatiya (Enterprises Investment Policy Development Problems), Voprosy innovatsionnoi ekonomiki, 2011, No. 4 (4), pp. 2938.
4. Tulupnikova Yu. V. Investitsionnaya politika predpriyatiya (Enterprises Investment Policy), Personalnyi sait Tulupnikovoi Yu. V, URL: http://www.tulupnikova.com/lek/Invest_strategy_lecture3.doc (data obrashcheniya: 05.03.2015).
5. Baffet U. Esse ob investitsiyakh, korporativnykh finansakh i upravlenii kompaniyami = The Essays Lessons for Corporate America, Per. s angl., sost. i avt. wed. L. A. Kanningem, M., Alpina Biznes Buks, 2005, 266 p.
6. Chirkova E. V. Filosofiya investirovaniya Uorrena Baffetta, ili O chem umalchivayut biografy finanso-vogo guru (Warren Buffetts Investment Philosophy, or What the Financial Gurus Biographers Keep Quiet About), M., Alpina Biznes Buks, 2008, 265 p.
7. Byasov K. T. Osnovnye aspekty razrabotki investitsionnoi strategii organizatsii (Focal Points of an Organizations Investment Strategy Development), Bankrotstvo. Teoriya ipraktika, 2006, No. 3, pp. 4953.
8. Makarova Yu. G., Pavlova E. A., Kovaleva A. M. Investitsionnaya politika predpriyatiya: sushchnost i etapy (Enterprises Investment Policy: Essence and Stages), Molodoi uchenyi, 2012, No. 12, pp. 232233.
Actuarial Analysis on the Basis of Destruction and Multiplication Scheme V. V. Lesin, Yu. P. Lisovec, A. M. Revyakin
National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow
Actuarial calculations are obligatory part of any line of insurance business. The calculation procedure of insurance rates based on destruction and multiplication model in the context of insurance products related to insurable interests loss (life insurance, car theft insurance, transit insurance etc.) is proposed. The description of procedure is illustrated by examples. Namely, insurance rate calculation formula for lines of insurance listed above, that can guarantee companies the scheduled earning with selected probability, is given.
Keywords: insurance; insurance rate; destruction and multiplication model.
1. Venttsel E. S., Ovcharov L. A. Teoriya sluchainykh protsessov i ee inzhenernye prilozheniya (Theory of Random Processes and its Engineering Applications), M., Nauka, Gl. red. fiz.-mat. lit., 1991, 383 p., il, Fiz.-mat. b-ka inzhenera.
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2. Volkov I. K., Zuev S. M., Tsvetkova G. M. Sluchainye protsessy (Random Processes), Pod red. V. S. Zarubina, A. P. Krishchenko, M., Izd-vo MGTU im. Baumana, 2000, 448 p., il., Matematika v tekh-nicheskom universitete. Vyp. XVIII.
3. Lesin V. V., Lisovets Yu. P., Revyakin A. M. Raschet strakhovykh tarifov na osnove modeli gibeli i razmnozheniya (Insurance Rates Calculation Based on Destruction and Multiplication Model), Vestnik MGADA, Seriya: Ekonomika, 2012, No. 2 (14), pp. 174-178.
4. Raschet brutto-stavki na osnove modeli gibeli-razmnozheniya (Gross Rate Calculation on the Basis of Destruction-Multiplication Scheme),V. V. Lesin, Yu. P. Lisovets, A. M. Revyakin, R. A. Mityushkin, Matematicheskie metody iprilozheniya, Trudy XIX matematicheskikh chtenii RGSU, M., RGSU, 2010, pp. 143-147.
5. Metodika rascheta kharakteristik odnoi skhemy nakopitelnogo strakhovaniya znizni (The Method of Calculating Characteristics of One Scheme of Funded Life Insurance), V. V. Lesin, Yu. P. Lisovets, R. A. Mityushkin, A. M. Revyakin, Vestnik MGADA, Seriya: Ekonomika, 2010, No. 4 (4), pp. 114-117.
Marketing and International Business
Innovation, an Invention or a Novelty: Terminological Confusion N. A. Andrianova, R. O. Andrianov
National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow
The role of innovations in the market economy as an effective means of the competition is noted. The definitions of invention, novelty and innovation are considered in the context of the market economy. The necessity of innovations for the development of competitive products with high degree of research intensity and originality is stressed out. The importance of terminology disambiguation for this process appreciation is affirmed. A cumulative classification of innovations by a range of the characteristics is presented. A mechanism for the development of a marketing program product innovation is provided.
Keywords: product; market; innovation; commercialization; classification; marketing program.
1. Tolkovyi slovar Innovatsionnaya deyatelnost , terminy innovatsionnogo menedzhmenta i smezh-nykh oblastei (Innovation Activity Definition Dictionary, Terms of Innovation Management and Related Fields), Otv. red. V. I. Suslov, 2-e izd., dop., Novosibirsk, Sib. nauch. izd-vo, 2008, 223 p.
2. Petrov V. V. Innovatsionnyi menedzhment (Innovation Management) [Elektronnyi resurs], M., Ravnovesie, 2006, 1 el. opt. disk (CD-ROM).
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4. Resursnyi potentsial ekonomicheskogo rosta (Economic Growths Raw Material Potential), N. P. Figurnova, A. M. Babashkina i dr., M., Put Rossii, Ekonomicheskaya literatura, 2002, 567 p., Entsik-lopediya rynochnogo khozyaistva.
5. Innovatsionnyi menedzhment: mnogourovnevye kontseptsii, strategii i mekhanizmy innovatsion-nogo razvitiya (Innovation Management: Layered Concepts, Strategies and Innovation Development Mechanisms), Pod red. V. M. Anshina, A. A. Dagaeva, M., Delo, 2006,583 p., il.
6. Alfimov M. V., Bortnik I. M. Fondy soedinyayut usiliya (Funds are Joining Efforts), Rossiiskii fond fundamentalnykh issledovanii(RFFI) [Elektronnyi resurs], Cop. 1997-2007, URL: http://w3.rfbr.ru/default. asp?doc_id=4326 (data obrashcheniya: 06.03.2015).
7. Grigorev Yu. V. Terminologiya v innovatsionnom zakonodatelstve (Terminology in Innovative Legislation), Innovatsionnyi Vestnik Region [Elektronnyi resurs] by Voronezhskii innovatsionno-tekhno-logicheskii tsentr, 2009, No. 2, pp. 2-6, URL: http://www.v-itc.ru/investregion/2009/02/pdf/2009-02-01. pdf (data obrashcheniya: 06.03.2015).
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10. Moiseeva N. K., Aniskin Yu. P. Sovremennoe predpriyatie: konkurentosposobnost, marketing, ob-novlenie (Modern Enterprise: Competitive Capacity, Marketing, and Renewal), T. 1, M., Vneshtorgizdat, 1993, 220 p.
11. Demchenko A. A. Marketingovye innovatsii v usloviyakh krizisa (Marketing Innovations amid the Global Crisis), Marketing, 2009, No. 1, pp. 4450.
12. Zavlin P. N., Vasilev A. V. Otsenka effektivnosti innovatsii (Innovations Efficiency Evaluation), SPb., Biznes-pressa, 1998, 216 p.
13. Utkin E. A., Morozova G. I., Morozova N. I. Innovatsionnyi menedzhment (Innovation Management), M., Akalis, 1996, 208 p.
14. Glukhov V. V., Korobko S. B., Marinina T. V. Ekonomika znanii (Economy of Knowledge), SPb., Piter, 2003, 530 p.
Marketing Concepts in Russian Economy T. L. Korotkova
National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow
The modern macro- and microeconomic factors affecting the formation of marketing theory and practice marketing concepts in Russia are analyzed. The main attention is paid to differences in the development of marketing concepts in different periods of the last century and at the present time, associated with the evolution of market relations in the context of globalization and post-industrial development of the global and Russian economy. The uneven character of theory of market relations and trade processes development in Russia, due to wars, revolutions and specific political ideologies, is shown. Russian scientists and practitioners serious contribution to the development of the global economics, including marketing as one of its subdisciplines, is noted.
Keywords: modern marketing concepts; marketing theory formation factors; Russian economy.
1. Promyshlennost Rossii v nachale 20 veka (Russias Industry at the Beginning of 20th Century), Biofail, Nauchno-informatsionnyi zhurnal [Elektronnyi resurs], URL: http://biofile.ru/his/12091.html (data obrash-cheniya: 27.01.2015).
2. Shlyakhtinskii K. Organizatsiya torgovli avtomobilyami v Rossii v nachale 20 veka (Settlement of Automobile Business in Russia at the Beginning of 20th Century), Istoriyagosudarstva [Elektronnyi resurs], 2011, 05 avgusta, URL: http://statehistory.ru/1938/Organizatsiya-torgovli-avtomobilyami-v-Rossii-v-nachale-20-veka/ (data obrashcheniya: 27.01.2015).
3. Reklama v starye dobrye vremena (konets XIX nachalo XX veka) (Advertisement in Good Old Times (End of 19th Beginning of the 20th Century)), Sost. I. D. Arkhangelskaya, M., Oktopus, 2009, 208 p., il.
4. Kondratev N. D. Bolshie tsikly ekonomicheskoi konyunktury, Doklad (The Major Economic Cycles, a Report), Mirovaya ekonomicheskaya mysl, Skvozprizmu vekov, V 5 t., T. 4, M., Mysl, 2004, pp. 619638.
5. Kornai Ya. Razmyshleniya o kapitalizme (Reflections on Capitalism), Per. s vengr. O. Yakimenko, nauch. red. D. Raskov, M., Izd-vo In-ta Gaidara, 2012, 348 p., graf., tabl.
6. Pankrukhin A. P. Marketing i vyzovy XXI veka v Rossii (Marketing and 21st Century Challenges in Russia), Gildiyamarketologov, sotsialnayasetprofessionalnykhkontaktov [Elektronnyi resurs], URL: http://www. marketologi.ru/publikatsii/stati/marketing-i-vyzovy-khkhi-veka-v-rossii/ (data obrashcheniya: 27.01.2015).
7. Korotkova T. L. Usloviya i printsipy vnedreniya marketinga innovatsii v rossiiskii biznes (Conditions and Principles of Innovation Marketing Introduction into Russian Business), Problemy innovatsionnogo raz-vitiya ekonomiki, Kollektivnaya monografiya, Novosibirsk, Tsentr razvitiya nauchnogo sotrudnichestva, 2014, pp. 87115.
8. Korotkova T. L. Sotsialno-etichnyi marketing kak sposob balansirovaniya interesov gosudarstva, kor-poratsii i lichnosti v Rossii (Societal Marketing as a Way to Balance the State, Corporation and Personality Interests in Russia), Isolation and Unification Vectors in the Social Development Coordinate System = Vektory obosoblennosti i edineniya v sisteme koordinat, Peer-reviewed materials... of the LXXIX International Research and Practice Conference (London, March 21 March 26, 2014), London, IASHE, 2014, pp. 7374, URL: http://files.gisap.eu/sites/files/digest/79.indd%20internet.pdf (data obrashcheniya: 27.01.2015).
9. Logika biznesa (Logic of Business), Pod red. N. K. Moiseevoi, M., Finansy i statistika, 2011, 296 p., il., tabl.
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Problems of Social Development and Education
Personality Traits Evaluation
by College Teaching Staff and Learners as Predictors of Successful Education A. A. Zdorova1, O. V. Rumyantseva2
1 Russian International Academy for Tourism, Khimky city
2 Moscow City Teachers Training University (MCTTU)
The necessity to overcome the stereotypes in teacher learner interaction and to develop learner-centered approach is stressed out. The problem of educators personality perception by their pupils is raised. High information value of first- and second-year college students answers while resolving tasks of successful learning prediction by each separate personality and of defining the specificity of teaching staff and learners interaction by personality traits self-evaluation is revealed by experiment. The results of teaching / learning process participants personality traits comparative psychological study using A. N. Lebedevs test technique Seven are presented.
Keywords: education effectiveness; information value; rating; learners; self-evaluation; educational work; education efficiency; motivation in education.
1. Varakhiil K. A., Egorov I. V., Lebedev A. N. Diagnostika uchebnoi uspeshnosti rebenka po ego otsen-kam samogo sebya i svoego semeinogo okruzheniya (A Childs Learning Effectiveness Diagnostics by His / Her Evaluations of Oneself and of His / Her Family Environment), Ezhegodnik nauchno-metodologicheskogo seminara Problemypsikhologo-pedagogicheskoi antropologii, Sb. nauch. st., Otv. red. I. V. Egorov, L. B. Filo-nov, Vyp. 3. M., Ekon-Inform, 2013, pp. 5261.
2. Egorov I. V. Osnovaniya i printsipy sozdaniya tekhniki tablitsa perevoda faz MMPI (minnesotskogo mnogofazovogo lichnostnogo perechnya) v sotsialno-psikhologicheskie kachestva lichnosti (The Table of MMPI (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory) Phases Conversion to Personalitys Psychological Qualities Mechanism Creation Basics and Principles), Uchenye zapiski Rossiiskogo gosudarstvennogo sotsialnogo universiteta, 2006, No. 5, Spetsvypusk, pp. 128135.
3. Egorov I. V., Lebedev A. N. Novaya informatsionnaya tekhnologiya izbiratelnykh protsedur (New Information Technology of Selective Procedures), Kognitivnoe modelirovanie = The cognitive modeling, trudy, Pervyi Mezhdunarodnyi forum po kognitivnomu modelirovaniyu (1421 sentyabrya 2013 g., Italiya, Milano-Marittima), V 2 ch., Otv. red. S. I. Masalova, V. D. Solovev, Rostov n/D, Izd-vo SKNTs VSh YuFU, 2013, pp. 287290.
4. Moreno Dzh. Sotsiometriya, Eksperimentalnyi metod i nauka ob obshchestve; podkhod k novoi politicheskii orientatsii (Sociometry, Experimental Method and the Science of Society; an Approach to a New Political Orientation), M., Inostrannaya literatura, 1958, 289 p.
5. Kolominskii Ya. L. Psikhologiya detskogo kollektiva: sistema lichnykh vzaimootnoshenii (Psychology of Childrens Collective: a System of Interpersonal Relationships), 2-e izd., dop. i pererab., Minsk, Narodnaya asveta, 1984, 239 p.
6. Rumyantseva O. V. Prognoz po samootsenkam uspeshnosti obucheniya mladshikh shkolnikov (Schoolchildrens Education Effectiveness Prediction by Self-Evaluations), Ezhegodnik nauchno-metodologicheskogo seminara Problemypsikhologo-pedagogicheskoi antropologii, Sb. nauch. st., Otv. red. I. V. Egorov, L. B. Filonov, Vyp. 4, SPb., NITs ART, 2014, pp. 6777.
The Study of Educational Establishments Students
Learning and Career Motivation
E. V. Nekhorosheva
Moscow City Teachers Training University (MCTTU)
The problem of vocational secondary education students learning and career motivation development remains practically unexplored in academic and methodical literature. The author attempts a multicenter study of students leading learning motives, the subject matter of which is the qualitative evaluation of their - 1 (5) 2015
motivational preferences. The findings might be used at learning process organization and planning and in individual psycho-pedagogical support.
Keywords: personality motivation sphere; learning motives; career motivation.
1. Derkach A. A. Akmeologicheskie osnovy razvitiya professionala (Acmeological Basics of Professionals Development), M., Izd-vo Mosk. psikhologo-sots. in-ta, Voronezh, MODEK, 2004, 752 p., Psikhologi Otechestva, izbr. psikhol. tr., V 70 t., Gl. red. D. I. Feldshtein.
2. Verbitskii A. A. Kontekstnoe obuchenie v kompetentnostnom podkhode (Context-based Learning in Competency Building Approach), Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii, 2006, No. 11, pp. 3946.
3. Ilin E. P. Motivatsiya i motivy (Motivation and Motives), SPb., Piter, 2000, 512 p., il., Mastera psikhologii.
4. Stolyarenko L. D. Psikhologiya (Psychology), M., SPb. [etc.], Piter, 2010, 591 p., il.
Internationalization of Education within the Framework of Europes Common Education Space Formation
A. I. Pirogov, T. V. Rastimeshina
National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow
The problems of internationalization of education as a condition and a general direction of Europes Common Educational Space formation are considered. The approaches to education globalization and universalizations analysis are discussed, and definitions for key terms are proposed. The genesis, evolution and causes of main tendencies in European education defining the necessity to integrate national educational systems into Common Educational Space are analyzed.
Keywords: education; internationalization; globalization; transnational education; mobility; Common Educational Space.
1. Seddo K. F. Razvitie vysshego obrazovaniya v Afrike (Higher Education Development in Africa), Vysshee obrazovanie v Evrope, 2003, T. XXVHI, No. 1, pp. 3435.
2. Marchuk N. N., Volosyuk O. V. RUDN i Latinskaya Amerika 50 let sotrudnichestva (PFUR and Latin America 50 Years of Co-operation), M., RUDN, 2009, 157 p.
3. Kellen Kh. Kontseptsiya dalneishego razvitiya internatsionalizatsii na praktike: desyatiletie evolyutsii (Conception of Further Internationalization Development in Practical Work: a Decade of Evolution), Vysshee obrazovanie v Evrope, 2000, T. XXV, No. 1, pp. 19.
4. Knight J. Internationalization of Higher Education: a Conceptual Framework, Internationalization of Higher Education in Asia Pacific Countries, Ed. by J. Knight, H. de Wit, Amsterdam, European Association for International Education, 1997, pp. 519.
5. Knight J. Updated Definition of Internationalization, International Higher Education, 2003, No. 33, pp. 23.
6. Galagan A. I. Integratsionnye protsessy v oblasti obrazovaniya: analiz mirovykh tendentsii (Integration Processes in Education: an Analysis of World Tendencies), Sotsialno-gumanitarnyeznaniya, 2002, No. 5, pp. 7285.
7. Eland R. Natsionalnye organizatsii i transnatsionalnoe obrazovanie (National Organizations and Transnational Education), Vysshee obrazovanie v Evrope, 2000, T. XXV, No. 33, pp. 19.
8. Upravlenie v vysshei shkole: opyt, tendentsii, perspektivy (Administration in Tertiary School: Experience, Tendencies, and Perspectives), V. M. Filippov, I. V. Arzhanova, V. N. Vasilev, A. S. Vostrikov i dr., Izd. 2-e, M., Logos, 2006, 487 p.
9. Isaeva O. N. Integratsionnye protsessy v oblasti obrazovaniya kak faktor formirovaniya mirovoi obrazovatelnoi sistemy: analiz mirovykh tendentsii (Integration Processes in Education as a Factor of World Educational System Formation), Rossiiskiinauchnyizhurnal, 2008, No. 3 (4), pp. 161169.
10. Globalizatsiya i obrazovanie (Globalization and Education), Sb. obzorov, Otv. red. i avt. vstup. st.
S. L. Zaretskaya, M., INION RAN, 2001, 143 p.
11. Krasnova G. A. I snova ob eksporte rossiiskogo obrazovaniya (And Again about Exporting Russian Education), Nezavisimaya gazeta [Elektronnyi resurs], 2014, 23 aprelya, URL: http://www.ng.ru/sci-ence/2014-04-23/12_education.html (data obrashcheniya: 19.03.2015).
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12. Novyi zakon ob immigratsii: kogo khotyat videt v Germanii? (New Immigration Law: Who is Welcomed in Germany?), Deutsche Welle (DW), Germanys international broadcaster [Elektronnyi resurs], 2004, 10 iyulya, URL: http://dw.de/p/5IWb (data obrashcheniya: 18.03.2015).
13. Vardanyan S. Ekonomika nuzhdaetsya v novykh obrazovatelnykh tekhnologiyakh [Intervyu s direkto-rom Erevanskogo filiala MESI S. Vardanyanom] (Economy Needs New EdTechs [An Interview with S. Vardanyan, Director of Yerevans Branch of MESI]), Besedu vel L. Oganesyan, DelovoiEkspress, Ekonomicheskaya gazeta Armenii [Elektronnyi resurs], 2013, No. 17 (1016), URL: http://www.express.am/article/17_1016/view/ jekonomika-nuzhdaetsja-v-novyh-obrazovatelnyh-tehnologijah.html (data obrashcheniya: 18.03.2015).
14. Obrazovanie v SNG. Vysshee professionalnoe obrazovanie (2004/2005 uch. god) (Education in CIS. Higher Vocational Education (2004/2005 Acad. Year)), Sovet po sotrudnichestvu v oblasti obrazovaniya gosudarstv uchastnikov SNG [Elektronnyi resurs], Cop. 2010, URL: http://www.cis.unibel.by/print. aspx?guid=34263/ (data obrashcheniya: 18.03.2015).
15. Dzhons G. Kak perebrosit most ot slozhnykh problem transnatsionalnogo obrazovaniya k ak-kreditatsii (How to Throw a Bridge from Transnational Educations Complicated Problems to Accreditation), Transnatsionalnoe obrazovanie: vozmozhnost dostupa ili sozdanieprepyatstvii?2000, No. 3, p. 6.
16. Lukichev G. Transgranichnoe obrazovanie (Cross-border Education), Vestnik RUDN, Seriya Yuridicheskie nauki, 2002, No. 1, pp. 7175.
17. The Recognition, Treatment, Experience and Implications of Transnational Education in Central and Eastern Europe 20022003, Report undertaken by S. Adam, Stockholm, Hogskoleverket, National Agency for Higher Education, 2003, 86 p.
18. Rukovodyashchie printsipy dlya obespecheniya kachestva v transgranichnom vysshem obrazovanii (Guidelines for Quality Provision in Cross-border Higher Education), Parizh, YuNESKO, 2006, Baza dan-nykh YuNESKO [Elektronnyi resurs], URL: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001433/143349r.pdf (data obrashcheniya: 19.03.2015).
19. UNESCO Portal to Recognized Higher Education Institutions, UNESCO Official site [English version], Cop. 20092014, URL: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/education/resources/unesco-portal-to-rec-ognized-higher-education-institutions/ (accessed: 18.03.2015).
20. Soglashenie o poryadke sozdaniya i funktsionirovaniya filialov vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii v go-sudarstvakh uchastnikakh Sodruzhestva Nezavisimykh Gosudarstv (Moskva, 28 sentyabrya 2001 goda) (Agreement on Higher Education Institutions Branches Construction and Functioning Order in CIS Countries (Moscow, September 28, 2001)), Rossiiskoe obrazovanie dlya inostrannykh grazhdan [Portal] by Minister-stvo obrazovaniya i nauki Rossiiskoi Federatsii, URL: http://www.russia.edu.ru/information/legal/law/inter/ sng/ (data obrashcheniya: 19.03.2015).
21. Zakon Respubliki Armeniya ot 30.03.1993 No. ZR-52 O yazyke (Republic of Armenias Law On Language No. ZR-52 from March 30, 1993), Zakonodatelstvo stran SNG, Web-versiya by SoyuzPravoInform, Cop. 20032015, URL: http://base.spinform.ru/show_doc.fwx?rgn=2942 (data obrashcheniya: 18.03.2015).
Psychological Readiness for Entrepreneurship as a Condition of Competitiveness
A. V. Posokhova
Institute of International Trade and Law, Moscow
The results of studies of psychological readiness for entrepreneurship as a part and a condition of competitiveness are presented. The content of psychological readiness is analyzed. The results of exploratory empirical research are given. It is shown that psychological readiness for entrepreneurship is associated with its successfulness, provides its competitiveness. Psychological readiness is determined by the development of important personal and professional qualities, the ability to mobilize inner resources, and knowledge of possible scenarios. Significant gender differences in the estimates did not appear.
Keywords: acmeology; competitiveness; professional readiness; psychological readiness; acmeological willingness; personal and professional qualities.
1. Nersesyan L. S., Konopkin O. A. Inzhenernaya psikhologiya i problema nadezhnosti mashinista (Engineering Psychology and Engine Mans Reliability Problem), M., Transport, 1978, 239 p.
2. Nersesyan L. S. Psikhologicheskie aspekty povysheniya nadezhnosti upravleniya dvizhushchimisya obektami (Psychological Aspects of Improving the Reliability of Moving Objects Control), M., Promedek, 1992, 288 p.
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3. Derkach A. A., Zazykin V. G. Professionalizm deyatelnosti v osobykh i ekstremalnykh usloviyakh (psikhologo-akmeologicheskie osnovy) (Professionalism of Activity in Special and Extreme Conditions), M., Izd-vo RAGS, 2003, 152 p., il.
4. Posokhova A. V. Psikhologo-akmeologicheskie osnovaniya problemy poliprofessionalizma (The Problem of Polyprofessionalisms Psychologic and Acmeologic Basics), Ekonomicheskie i sotsialno-gumanitamye issledovaniya, 2014, No. 2 (2), pp. 8488.
5. Posokhova A. V. Konkurentosposobnost predprinimatelei: psikhologo-akmeologicheskii vzglyad na problemu (Employers Competitive Ability: Psychological and Acmeological View of a Problem), Chelo-vecheskii capital, 2014, No. 7 (67), pp. 8386.
6. Shcherbina A. V. Formirovanie psikhologicheskoi gotovnosti rukovoditelei k deyatelnosti v ekstremalnykh upravlencheskikh situatsiyakh (Formation of Administrators Psychological Readiness to Act in Extreme Management Situations), M., MAAN, 1997, 57 p.
Traditions in Russian Education as Seen from New Millennium
T. V. Rastimeshina1, Yu. V. Lunkina2
1 National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow
2 Tver State University
The definitions and characteristics for concept of tradition in education are given, the main directions of its rendering are considered. The choice of traditions balanced representation is set forth. The subjects of teachers moral ideal formation and of legitimacy of parallel drawing between Peter the Greats reforms time and present day are touched upon. Pedagogic traditions appeared at different stages of Russias historic development and their role in educational process of their time and in modern Russian educations substantial content are analyzed.
Keywords: pedagogic tradition; traditions in education; pedagogic phenomenon; teacher learner interaction; axiological content; teachers moral ideal; national educational standard; continuity.
1. Ob obrazovanii v Rossiiskoi Federatsii, federalnyi zakon ot 29.12.2012 No. 273-FZ, prinyat Gos. Du-moi 21.12.2012, odobren Sovetom Federatsii 26.12.2012 (On Education in Russian Federation, Federal Law No. 273-FZ from December 29, 2012, adopted by State Duma on December 21, 2012, endorsed by Soviet of the Federation on December 26, 2012), Semya ishkola, 2012, No. 7/8, pp. 480.
2. Fedotov G. P. Pisma o russkoi kulture (Letters on Russian Culture), Russkaya ideya, Sost. i avt. vstup. st. M. A. Maslin, M., Respublika, 1992, pp. 379419.
3. Popper K. Otkrytoe obshchestvo i ego vragi. [V 2 t.] (The Open Society and its Enemies. [In 2 vols.]), Per. s angl., pod obshch. red. i s predisl. V. N. Sladkovskogo, T. 1, Chary Platona, M., Mezhdunar. fond Kult. initsiativa, Soros foundation, Otkrytoe o-vo Feniks, 1992, 446 s.
4. Shatskii E. Utopiya i traditsiya (Utopia and Tradition), Per. s pol., obshch. red. i poslesl. V. A. Chali-kovoi, M., Progress, 1990, 454 p.
5. Pouchenie Vladimira Monomakha (Vladimir Monomakhs Hortative), Izbornik: Povesti Drevnei Rusi, Sost. i predisl. L. A. Dmitrieva, D. S. Likhacheva, M., Khudozh. lit., 1986, pp. 5970, Klassiki i sovremen-niki. Russkaya klassicheskaya literatura.
6. Rubinshtein M. M. Problema uchitelya (The Problem of Teacher), M.L., Mosk. aktsioner. izd. o-vo, 1927, 173 p.
7. Karamzin N. M. Istoriya gosudarstva Rossiiskogo, V 2 kn. (History of the Russian State, in 2 books), Vstup. st. Yu. M. Lotmana, Kn. I: t. 16, SPb., Zolotoi vek, 2003, 832 p.
8. Ushinskii K. D. Chelovek kak predmet vospitaniya. Opyt pedagogicheskoi antropologii. [V 2 t.] (Man as Subject of Education. An Essay on Pedagogical Anthropology. [In 2 vols.]), SPb., Tip. F. S. Sushchinskogo, 18681869.
Peculiarities of Engineering Students Learning and Cognitive Activitys Subject-oriented Content Construction
S. V. Strukova
National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow
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The specificity of engineering students learning and cognitive activitys subject-oriented content construction within the framework of tertiary education institution having technical university statute is unveiled, its definition is formulated and its initial insights enumerated. In the meaning of this research the essential attributes of engineering students personality were exposed. An activity-practical module block of learning and cognitive activitys subject-oriented content is proposed.
Keywords: activity-practical module; engineer profile; professional activities; subject-oriented content; learning and cognitive activity.
1. Beloshitskii A. V., Berezhnaya I. F. Stanovlenie subektnosti studentov v obrazovatelnom protsesse vuza (Students Subjectness Formation in Tertiary Institutions Educational Process), Pedagogika, 2006, No. 5, pp. 6066.
2. Khutorskoi A. V. Metodika lichnostno-orientirovannogo obucheniya. Kak obuchat vsekh po-razno-mu? (Person-centered Teaching Technique. How to Teach Every One Differently?), M., VLADOS-PRESS, 2005, 383 p., Pedagogicheskaya masterskaya.
3. Strukova S. V. Osnovnye kharakteristiki studenta fiziko-matematicheskoi napravlennosti kak subekta obrazovatelnogo protsessa universiteta (Main Characteristics of Mathematics / Physics Student as Subject of Universitys Educational Process), Sbornik materialov konferentsii molodykh prepodavatelei i studentov Liskinskogo filiala VGU, 1617apr. 2010g., Liski Voronezh, Vyp. 5, Voronezh, VGU, 2010, pp. 154159.
4. Strukova S. V. Problema subekt-subektnykh otnoshenii v obrazovatelnom protsesse vys-shego uchebnogo uchrezhdeniya (The Problem of Subject-Subject Relationship in Tertiary Education Institutions Educational Process), Sovremennoe obrazovanie: soderzhanie, tekhnologii, kachestvo, Mat-ly mezhdunar. foruma, 2122 apr. 2010 g., Voronezh, SPb., Izd-vo SPbGu LETI, 2010, T. 2, pp. 322323.
Discursive Analysis in Legal Psychological Enquiry at Audio and Video Files Studying
S. K. Haidov
Tula State Lev Tolstoy Pedagogical University
The discursive analysis concept content is interpreted, the possibility to use it in practice of legal psychological enquiries at studying the audio and video records of expertise object testimonies as part of criminal, administrative, civil, and arbitration cases is discussed. The concepts of discursive analysis are analyzed and its synonyms are given. Its application to speech activity products study is considered. The authors definition of discursive analysis within the context of legal psychological enquiry is proposed.
Keywords: discursive analysis; legal psychological enquiry; audiovisual record.
1. Romanov A. A. K sootnosheniyu ponyatii diskurs vs tekst v gumanitarnoi paradigme: obzor, otsenka i razmyshleniya (To the Discourse vs Text Concepts Correlation in Humanitarian Paradigm: Survey, Estimation and Reflections), Mir lingvistiki i kommunikatsii = World of Linguistics and Communication, Elektronnyi nauchnyi zhurnal, 2005, No. 1 (1), URL: http://tverlingua.ru/archive/001/01_6-001.htm (data obrashcheniya:
2. Kibrik A. A. Analiz diskursa v kognitivnoi perspective (Discourse Analysis in Cognitive Perspective), Diss. v vide nauch. doklada ... d-ra filol. nauk, M., 2003, 90 p.
3. Kasavin I. T. Diskurs-analiz i ego primenenie v psikhologii (Discourse Analysis and its Application in Psychology), Voprosypsikhologii, 2007, No. 6, pp. 97119.
4. Kadyrova R. G. Teoriya narrativa i narrativnyi analiz v psikhologii (The Theory of Narrative and Narrative Analysis in Psychology), Vektor nauki TGU, 2012, No. 2 (9), pp. 126127.
5. Trotsuk I. V. Teoriya i praktika narrativnogo analiza v sotsiologii (Theory and Practice of Narrative Analysis in Psychology), Monografiya, M., Unikum-tsentr, 2006, 207 p.
6. Andrianov M. S. Neverbalnaya kommunikatsiya: psikhologiya i pravo (Nonverbal Communication: Psychology and Law), M.. In-t obshchegumanitarnykh issledovanii, 2007. 251 p.
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7. Pavlova N. D. Mekhanizmy i sredstva okazaniya subektom diskursivnogo vozdeistviya (Mechanisms and Means of Subjects Discursive Influence), Psikhologicheskoe vozdeistvie: mekhanizmy, strategii, vozmozh-nostiprotivodeistviya, Pod red. A. L. Zhuravleva, N. D. Pavlovoi, M., In-t psikhologii RAN, 2012, pp. 5373, Trudy Instituta psikhologii RAN.
Personality. Society. State
Mail Cover Check as the Method of Political Polices Struggle with Revolutionary Movement in the Second Half of 19th Century
I. M. Gorbacheva
National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow
The foundation of a military-police-bureaucratic system to confront the revolutionary movement in the Russian Empire in the second half of the 19th century is considered. The leading role of Police Department and Security Departments in the fight against terror is noted. Mail cover check (i.e. secret acquaintance with letters without the knowledge of addressers and addressees) is analyzed efficiency-wise, as a method of the revolutionaries observation and struggle with them by obtaining information about the revolutionary underworld, and legalistically.
Keywords: political police; revolutionary terror; revolutionary underworld; mail cover check.
References and Sources
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Philosophic Aspects of Using Net Technologies O. V. Dzhigan
National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow
Philosophic aspects of net technologies usage and the reflection of emerging risks associated with it are considered. The author studies the influence of such notions as social networks, Internet, and virtual reality on the formation of personality and interpersonal communication in the modern network society. The influence of the global network, Internet, on the material and spiritual culture of man is described in detail. On the example of the smart mobs phenomenon and formation of the digital human is shown an increasing virtualization of social relations and consciousness of people, which leads to a number of global issues that require philosophical understanding.
Keywords: network society; Internet; social networks; interpersonal communication; virtual reality; risks.
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606 p.
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The Formation of the Organizational and Ideological Foundations of the Social-Democratic Political Movement in Russia in the Early 20th Century
A. S. Epifanov
Moscow State Regional University (MSRU)
The historical and political analysis of the Russian social-democratic movement formation process on the eve of the first Russian revolution and the revolutionary processes of 19051907 is provided. The peculiarities of Russian society of the early century and the revolutions contradictory character are noted. It is shown that in the beginning of the revolution the revolutionary social-democratic movement was ideologically heterogeneous and not fully decorated but the revolutionary parties were able to influence the outcome of the revolution and the revolution itself became a condition for their transformation into a full-fledged participants of political processes in Russia.
Keywords: political party; political organization; populism; social democracy; revolution; Constitution; trade unions.
1. Programma partii sotsialistov-revolyutsionerov, utverzhdena sezdom partii v dekabre 1905 g. (The So-cialists-Revolutionaries Party Program, Adopted by Party Congress in December 1905), Ot absolyutizma k de-mokratii. Politicheskaya zhizn kapitalisticheskoi Rossii (1861 fevral 1917), Dok. i mat-ly k semin. zanyatiyam po otechestvennoi istorii, Sost. O. N. Bogatyreva, N. N. Popov, Ekaterinburg, Izd-vo UrGU, 1991, pp. 95103.
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Digital Democracy in the United Kingdom:
Public Administrations and Public Services Theory and Practice
A. A. Yefimov
Center of Interregional Business Training, Moscow
The concept of e-government and digital democracy in the UK is considered as a continuation and development of managerialism system of government. Its noted that it is aimed at reforming the public administration in the context of three major trends: economic, of marketisation, managerial, of de-bureaucratization, and political, of orientation on citizens needs and rights. The factors determining the effectiveness of e-government in the UK, including the focus on rebuilding the landscape of the state system of e-government in accordance with changing needs of citizens and businesses, are analyzed.
Keywords: e-government; digital democracy; citizens; state; civil society; informatization; public administration; public services; managerialism.
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Institutionalization of the Public Services: Problems of the Study
I. N. Rybakova
The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration
The problems of institutionalization of the public services in Russia are analyzed, the influence of foreign concepts of public administration, of Russias budgetary system restructuring, and of administrative and management regulation mechanisms on this process are marked. The introduction and functioning of e-government elements are considered. A conclusion on the current state of institutionalization of the public services is made.
Keywords: public services; public services institutionalization; public services regulation; e-government.
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2nd Russia-wide Scientific Meeting with International Participation Descartes Scientific Conference
Invitation letter to 2nd Russia-wide scientific meeting with international participation Descartes Scientific Conference entitled Descartes Rationalism and Modern Science that will be held in National Research University of Electronic Technology (Moscow, Zelenograd, Shokin square, 1) on April 17, 2015.
New Books
Bibliographical data on new books in print edited by known Russian publishing houses.
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