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D4-14 a.qxd 02.12.2014 18:07 Page 37
ADSORPTIVE ACTIVITY OF KAOLIN (MICROBIOLOGICAL STUDY)
Korchak G.I., Surmasheva Ye.V., Romanenko L.I., Marinin A.I., Olishevsky V.V.,Marchenko A.B.
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.., .., .., .., .., .. , 2014.
37 Environment & Health 4 2014
D4-14 a.qxd 02.12.2014 18:07 Page 38
- pH 8,2 1,0%, 0,1% 0,01%. - 22 3 5 ., 7, 7. Zetasizes NanoZS, He-Ne, 4 , 633 . , % , -3 . "" ().
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4 2014 Environment & Health 38
D4-14 a.qxd 02.12.2014 18:07 Page 39
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39 Environment & Health 4 2014
D4-14 a.qxd 02.12.2014 18:07 Page 40
ADSORPTIVE ACTIVITY OF KAOLIN (MICROBIOLOGICAL STUDY)
Korchak G.I., Surmasheva Ye.V., Romanenko L.I., Marinin A.I., Olishevskii V. V.,Marchenko A.B.
SI "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology, NAMSU", Kyiv National Institute for Food Technologies, Kyiv Artprombud LTD., Krvwi Rig
The Objective. Study of the adsorptive activity of kaolin preparatus "Kremnevit" for the conditioned-pathogenic microorganisms in different medium conditions.
Materials and methods. Study of kaolin properties was performed on the example of preparatus "Kremnevit" produced after special processing for the purification of natural white clay from the additions and production of nanoparticles as much as possible. Results of study and their discussion. We determined that preparation "Kremnevit" produced from the native kaolin, had a high adsorptive activity for Gram-negative and Gram-positive conditioned-pathogenic microorganisms (0.1% suspension adsorbed 94.0-99.0% of microorganisms) which
was preserved at the presence of organic compounds (0.3% albumin) and change pH from 4.0 up to 9.0 typical for man's gastro-intestinal tract. Preparation contains the particles of 100500 nm in mass % 79.8, it is distinguished by a low content of quartz additions mass %
1.24, hydrous mica-mass % 0/92, a high mass % of kaolinite 97.64 in a phase content. It gives an advantage over pharmaceutical white clay allowed for the use by pharmacopoeia of many countries. A high adsorptive activity of preparatus "Kremnevit", a presence of the low dispersive particles in its content, small number of additions may recommend it for the use in medicine as enterosorbent at skin mucous injuries and in other fields of biology as well. Thus kaolin (white clay) as a natural, similar to nanoobjects mineral, which quality was studied on the example of the "Kremnevit" preparation, deserves a high assessment, induces to study its many-sided properties and further implementation not only in folk but in official medicine and other fields of national economy.
Key words: ^olin (white clay), "Kremnevit", microorganisms, adsorption, properties.
7.0- 8,0,
8.0- 9,0.
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, . ( ) . , . .
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+ 0,3% 410,0
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2
Escherichia coli Staphylococcus aureus pH
Escherichia coli
____Staplrylococcus
sureus
4 2014 Environment & Health 40
D4-14 a.qxd 02.12.2014 18:07 Page 41
, Zetasizes . : , 5 , . : 1,0; 0,1 0,01 100 3 - pH 8,2. 0,01% (. 6 7).
"" 200500 , >100 100 200 . , "", 500 1000 , 100 200 , .
, . , "" % 97,64 , 0,92 1,24 . % 91,15, 4,03, 4,82.
, ( ) ', "", . . "" ( %) 6,7 100-200 30,8 200-500 , 0 7,0 . , , , .

1. "" - - (0,1% 94-99% ), (0,3% )
pH 4,0 9,0, - .
2. "" 100500 % 79,8, ( % 1,24) ( % 0,92) , , .
3. "", ( , , , ), , , - , .

1. .. : . . / . .. . .: , 2007. 511 .
2. . / .. , .. . : , 2007. 160 .
3. 88967 . 6131/695 (2006.01). "" / .., - .., ..; " .
.. ". U201311893; . 10.04.2014; . 10.04.2014, . 7.
4. Heterogeneous precipitation of silver nanoparticles on kaolinite pla-
tes / B. Cabal, R. Torrecillas, F. Mal-partida et al. // Nanotechnology. 2010. Vol. 47, 21. P 475705.
5. "": 15.835151417-001:2009. - 10.07.2009 . 05.03.02-06/41965.
6. What makes a natural clay antibacterial / L.B. Williams, B.W. Metge, D.D. Eberl et al. // Environ. Sci. Technol. 2011. 45. . 3768-3773.
REFERENSES
1. Grim R.E. Mineralogiia i prak-ticheskoe ispolzovanie glin [Mineralogy and Practical Use of Clays]. Moscow: Mir; 2007 : 511 p. (in Russian)
2. Nazarevich R.A., Shalagin A.I. Glina pervoe lekarstvo zemli [Clay is the First Drug of the Earth]. Yalta Zaporozhie: Drukenburg; 2007 : 160 p. (in Russian).
3. ^^ A.B., Surmasheva O.V., ^cloak G.I.; DU "Instytut hihiie-ny ta medychnoi ekolohii im. O.M. Marzieieva NAMN Ukrainy". Preparat biloi hlyny "Kremnevit" [The Product of White Clay "Kremnevit"]. Patent 88967 UA; IPC 6131/695 (2006.01). U201311893 ; Publ. 10.04.2014 ; Bul. 7 (in Ukrainian).
4. Cabal B., Torrecillas R., Malpar-tida F., Moya J.S. Nanotechnology. 2010; 47(21) : 475705.
5. Dobavka dnetychna "Kremnevit": tekhnichni umovy Ukrainy TUU 15.835151417-001:2009 (Vysnovok derzhavnoi sanitarno-epidemiolohich-noi sluzhby vid 10.07.2009. za 05.03.02-06/41965) [Additives Food Dietetic "Kremnevit": Ukrainian Technical Specifications 15.8-35151417-001: 2009 (Conclusion of State Sanitary and Epidemiological Service of 10.07.2009. According 05.03.02-06 / 41965)].
6. Williams L.B., Metge B.W., Eberl D.D., Harvey R.W., Turner A.G., Prapaipong P, Poret-Peterson A.T. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2011; 45 : 3768-3773.
18.12.2013
6
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100 100 200 200 500 500-1000 1000
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0,0 15,6 39,5 31,7 12,9
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7
% " "
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100 100 200 200 500 500- 1000 1000
0,0 0,0 7,0 57,0 36,1
0,0 0,0 0,0 34,5 65,6
+ 0,0 16,0 18,3 58,7 6,9
41 Environment & Health 4 2014